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New approach urgently required as risk of people sleeping in bins grows

24 February 2020

New approach urgently required as risk of people sleeping in bins grows

A new study has found that as homelessness figures rise in the UK, action needs to be taken to stop people putting their lives at risk by taking shelter in bins. The report, by waste management company Biffa, the Open University and the Chartered Institution of Wastes Management, calls for a collaborative approach amongst waste companies, waste producers, homeless charities and the general public to tackle the issue.

The new study, which surveyed operators in the waste sector, found that although there have been improvements across the industry to prevent people in sleeping in bins since a similar study in 2014, there are still many concerning statistics:

  • The UK homeless population has significantly increased in recent years, meaning more people are at risk (Data source: Ministry of Housing, Communities and Local Government 2019)
  • 35% of waste companies discovered people sleeping in bins within the last 12 months, compared to 21% in 2014
  • Only 40% of commercial bins in use are fitted with working locks, which is the same as in 2014 despite industry guidelines
  • People are discovered taking shelter in bins all year round – this is not just a winter problem
  • There have been seven known fatalities in the past five years from people sleeping in bins (Data source: Health & Safety Executive)

The findings demonstrate that there is a long way to go and a lot more to do to prevent people using bins as a place of refuge. A collaborative approach involving waste companies, waste producers - particularly those operating in town centres - homeless charities and the general public is crucial to save lives and prevent risk of serious injury. This new approach includes several key recommendations:

  • Training and written policies to be in place for employees working at waste management companies
  • Ensuring bins are secure and inaccessible, either fitted with locks or held in a locked area
  • Danger stickers on bins to suit a range of languages and reading abilities
  • Contacting homelessness charities when a homeless person is found near a bin
  • Processes to be in place at waste management businesses to report when people are discovered in bins

There is also a role for members of the public in helping to tackle this issue – the report recommends that anyone who sees evidence of a homeless person sleeping in a bin should contact a local homeless charity.

Biffa is taking additional measures to address the issue:

  • Trialling ‘human detection technology’ across a range of waste containers
  • All Biffa regional commercial waste depots will form partnerships with local homelessness charities (where available) to help raise awareness of the dangers of people taking shelter in bins
  • Biffa will share the research findings and recommendations with its commercial customers

Michael Topham, Chief Executive of Biffa, commented:

“Urgent action is required now to raise awareness of the dangers of seeking shelter in bins. This new research highlights the need not only for the waste industry to take more responsibility for its own practices, but crucially for it to work with its customers to help tackle the issue. We are committed to leading this approach to promote policies and procedures for widespread adoption to prevent further tragedies. We hope this report highlights the issues that we all need to address and acts as a call to action.”

Petra Salva OBE, Director of Rough Sleeping, Criminal Justice and Migrant Services at St Mungo’s, who partook in the research, added:

“Rough sleeping is harmful and dangerous for the individual and for our communities. It is vital that Biffa takes the issue of people rough sleeping in bins seriously and is taking a lead in the industry to educate staff, raise awareness and change practice. We welcome the recommendations in this report and believe it will directly help to save lives. Going forward, we are committed to working together so that people in desperate situations can be found, helped and supported back into housing, good health and fulfilling lives.”

Trevor Nicoll, President, Chartered Institution of Wastes Management, added:

“Continuing to raise awareness and share good operational practice is essential to help prevent people sleeping in bins. As the professional body for the sector, we are very pleased to be involved as a partner with Biffa and the Open University in this useful research. We hope it is the start of further work to reduce the risks associated with people sleeping in bins and strengthen collaborative working with homeless charities.”

Dr Toni Gladding from The Open University added:

“This new research, which has been updated from 2014, shows that people sleeping in bins remains an issue of real concern, and there have been several fatalities in the past few years. Once people enter a bin to sleep the risk of harm is a real possibility. There needs to be a nationally agreed approach to this issue which will likely consist of a partnership between the customer who is the waste producer, homelessness services and the waste operator to help prevent these tragic incidences.”

The full report is available to download from

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For further information, contact:
0203 701 7660
About Biffa

Biffa is the UK's leading sustainable waste management business. We have over 8,000 employees working across more than 200 sites to change the way people think about waste. We operate across the waste management value chain, including the collection, treatment, processing and disposal of waste, as well as the production and sale of recovered commodities such as energy, paper, glass, metals and plastic. We are first choice for customers, with our national customer base including local authorities, large corporates and SMEs, and purchasers of end-product commodities and energy. We are structured in to two divisions: Collections and Resources & Energy. In FY19, the Group's total revenue was £1,091.2m and its Underlying EBITDA was £150.7m. Biffa has been listed on the London Stock Exchange since in October 2016 under the ticker "BIFF".
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