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Biffa Operational Staff

Waste Journeys

Learn more about our waste treatment and processing facilities across the UK, and the many solutions we provide for our customers.

How we Process Waste


Click on a waste journey below to find out more about its specific process and treatment

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    Anaerobic Digestion

    Anaerobic Digestion (AD) technology is increasingly being deployed across the UK, converting waste food matter into biomethane gas. The gas is used to generate renewable energy, which is then exported to the National Grid.

    Find out more about Anaerobic Digestion


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    Gas to Energy

    Biffa is the second largest UK generator of electricity from landfill gas, operating over 90MW of generation capacity at 34 operational sites throughout the UK.

    Find out more about Gas to Energy

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    Glass Recycling

    We offer a recycling collection service for waste glass that processes the material into new, single colour glass or recycles it as aggregate. At our state of the art facilities we recycle around 90,000 tonnes of glass per annum.

    Find out more about Glass Recycling

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    In-Vessel Composting

    Biffa’s In-Vessel Composting facilities convert garden waste into compost and soil conditioners used to restore landfill sites. Garden waste is diverted from landfill, naturally benefits the environment and can help lift local recycling rates.

    Find out more about In-Vessel Composting

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    Wherever possible Biffa aims to divert waste from landfill, however substantial volumes of residual waste which is not recyclable or suitable for fuel use will remain. This type of waste has to be safely disposed of at landfill. Biffa is one of the main operators of landfill services in the UK. In the last year, we handled around 3.1 million tonnes of waste through our 11 remaining operational landfill sites.

    Find out more about Landfill 

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    Mechanical & Biological Treatment

    Our cutting edge Mechanical & Biological Treatment plant can process over 310,000 tonnes of waste per year. The facility includes the mechanical recovery of both recyclable material and residual waste for refuse derived fuel, with any biodegradable material being treated within the AD plant to generate electricity.

    Find out more about Mechanical & Biological Treatment

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    Plastic Recycling

    Biffa Polymers constructed the world’s first commercially available rHDPE food grade production plant in 2008. The facility is designed to process 50,000 tonnes of material per year. This process creates rHDPE from recycled milk bottles and remains cutting edge in its technology.

    Find out more about Plastic Recycling

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    Metal Recycling

    The UK uses billions of products made from metal every year, including aerosols, aluminium cans and materials for the construction industry. Good news - metal is 100% recyclable.

    Find out more about Metal Recycling

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    Recycling Facilities

    We currently have two Material Recycling Facilities (MRFs) located across the UK, which together processes around 400,000 tonnes of dry mixed recyclable waste every year.

    Find out more about Recycling Facilities

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    Refuse Derived Fuel

    Biffa is one of the UK’s largest producers of RDF, delivering more than 2,000 tonnes RDF to energy recovery facilities every day. RDF exports have enabled UK waste producers to divert their residual waste from landfill and convert it into energy at European plants.

    Find out more about Refuse Derived Fuel

Quick enquiry form

Complete this quick enquiry form and we will be in touch with you as soon as possible.